Forest Plantation

Management History

In September 1997, Bornion Timber Sdn Bhd (BTSB) and the State Government of Sabah signed the Sustainable Forest Management License Agreement 03/97 (SFMLA 03/97). The licenced area initially comprised an area of approximately 108,993 ha, consisting of the Ulu Sg. Milian Forest Reserve (Block A) and part of the Sapulut Forest Reserve (Block B). The area is also referred to as Forest Management Unit No. 11, according to administrative regulations of the Sabah Forestry Department.

During the period of the first 10-year Forest Management Plan (2002 – 2011) the whole Licensed Area had been managed by BTSB. In the 2nd Forest Management Plan (2012 – 2021) the Licensed Area was reduced to a total gross area of approximately 98,985 ha, due to the excision of 10,008 ha by the State Government for the purpose of development by a different management entity.

Locality Map
General Locality Map of FMU 11

Geographical Location

116° 15′ E to 116° 50′ E longitude to
4° 40′ N and 5° 30′ N latitude

Gross Area Size

Gross area size: 57,105.9 ha
(Part of FMU No. 11)

Scope of Forest Plantation Plan

FMU No. 11 has been split into two separate Sub-Management Units, for the purpose of forest certification assessment and management as separate entities under Natural Forest and Forest Plantation regime respectively. The Forest Plantation Management Unit covers a gross area of 57,105.9 ha or about 59% of the FMU area, whereas the Natural Forest Management Unit comprises a gross area of 41,878.7 ha or about 41%.

A summary of the subdivision of the FMU is given in the Table below.

Management TypeGross Area (Ha)Sub-Unit (%)FMU area (%)MC&I Certified AreaCertified Area (%)
Forest Plantation
Sub Management Unit
Community Forestry1.876.603.29
Total Sub-Unit:57,105.9100.0059.0125,536.7143.64
Natural Forest Sub Management Unit
Total Sub-Unit41,878.7100.0040.99
Total FMU:98,984.6100.00

Due to the design of the FMU boundaries both natural and plantation forest areas are further subdivided into:

  • PART A in the Northern part of the Licenced Area, within Milian Forest Reserve,
  • and PART B in the Southern part of the Licenced Area, within parts of Sapulut Forest Reserve

This Plantation Development Plan (PSP) only covers the Forest Plantation or Industrial Tree Plantation (ITP) area, whereas the Natural Forest Management area is regulated by a separate plan.